What is potassium supplements-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Potassium preparations are used for supplementing
potassium in order to treat or prevent low potassium levels in the blood (hypokalemia).
Potassium is a major mineral (electrolyte)
that is important for the function of every cell in the body. For example, it is
important in nerve conduction, muscle contraction, and kidney function. Normal
daily dietary intake of potassium is 40-150 mEq. Potassium deficiency occurs
when potassium loss exceeds intake.

Potassium depletion may be caused by:

deficiency causes:

What brand names are available for potassium supplements-oral?

K-Dur, KLor Con, K-Tab, Klorvess, K-Lyte CL

Is potassium supplements-oral available as a generic drug?


Do I need a prescription for potassium supplements-oral?


What are the side effects of potassium supplements-oral?

Common reactions to potassium are primarily gastrointestinal
and include:

More important side
effects include:

  • high blood potassium levels,
  • abnormal heart beats,
  • bleeding or
    perforation of the stomach or small intestine from ulcers, and
  • narrowing
    (stricture) of the small intestine from healed ulcers.

Irritation and damage to
the stomach can be reduced by taking potassium supplements with meals or
reducing the dose.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/11/2017

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